GB Birds
GB Mammals
GB Herps
GB Misc Creatures
GB Reintroductions
Euro Birds
Euro Mammals
Euro Herps
Euro Misc Creatures
Euro Reintroductions
Trip Reports

Black Tailed Prairie Dog
(Cynomys ludovicianus) Antrim, 2008

(Nasua nasua) Cumbria, 2004 (not my pic)

Sika Deer
(Cervus nippon) Norfolk, 2006

Grey Squirrel
(ciurus carolinensis) Norfolk, 2006

Feral Goat
(Capra hircus)
Wales, 2006

Feral Goat
(Capra hircus) Wales, 2007

(Myocastor coypus) Italy 2005

Chinese Water Deer
(Hydropotes inermis) Norfolk, 2007

Wild Boar
(Sus scrofa) Sussex, 2007

Wild Boar
(Sus scrofa) Sussex, 2007

Edible Dormouse
(Glis glis) Bucks, 2006

Edible Dormouse
(Glis glis) Bucks, 2008

White Tailed Deer
(Odocoileus virginianus), Finland 2011

Canadian Beaver
(Castor canadensis ), Finland 2011

Canadian Beaver
(Castor canadensis ), Finland 2011

Feral Dog
(Canis familiaris) Cyprus, 2008

(Muntiacus reevesi) UK, 2008

(Muntiacus reevesi) UK, 2008

Red Necked Wallaby
(Macropus rufogrieseus) UK, 2008

Axis Deer
(Cervus axis) Germany, 2010

Pallas's squirrel
(Callosciurus erythraeus erythrogaster) Netherlands, 2010

(Ovis musimon) Germany, 2010

Siberian Chipmunk
(Tamias sibiricus) Belgium, 2010

Birding Top 500 Counter


European Exotic and Introduced Mammals

Grey Squirrel - Sciurus carolinensis

Introduced into UK, Ireland and NW Italy - they have out competed the Native red squirrels in all areas of introduction.

Sika Deer - Cervus nippon

Introduced to ornimental collections in the 1800's from Japan, they escaped and are now well established in th UK, Ireland, France, Germany, Denmark, Czech republic, Russia, Poland and Austria.

Muntjac - Muntiacus reevesi

Introduced to the Uk and France in the late 1800's by escaping from ornemantal collections. They are well established.

Chinese Water Deer - Hydropotes inermis

Introduced to the UK the late 1800's to Whipsnade and Woburn. Escaped animals have spred east and the population is slowly increasing it prefers fens and boggy woodland. It is common in the Eastern UK.

American Mink - Mustela vison

A different species to the native European Mink, originally brought in for fur farming but escapes and deliberate releases they are now widespread and causing considerable damage to native fauna. They are present in the UK, Spain, N France, Belgium, The Netherlands, Scandinavia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus and NW Russia.

Feral Goat - Capra hircus

Present mostly on small islands the UK is a stronghold. It occurs on the Canarys, Balaerics, Crete, Aegean Islands and Corsica.

Red Necked Wallaby - Macropus rufogrieseus

Escaped from collections in the British Isles, small colonies are present in Scotland, Isle of Man and England.

Ferrett - Mustela furo

Domesticated form of the polecat, they have escaped or been released and are well estabilished and widespread but not particualrly common in most of Europe.

Black Rat - Rattus rattus

One colony left in the UK, and scarce in Europe, with localised colonies in Denmark and Scandanavia.

Edible Dormouse - Glis glis

Introduced to the UK, established since the early 1900's when it was introduced into Tring park in Hertfordshire. They have not spread more than 20 miles from the original site as the habitat is isolated.

Black Tailed Prairie Dog - Cynomys ludovicianus

A small population has been present in Northern Ireland for the last few years and appears to be self sustaining.

Feral Dog - Canis familiaris

Widespread mainly in urban areas throught Europe.

Feral Cat - Felis Catus

Widespread mainly in urban areas throught Europe.

Coati - Nasua nasua

A small population exists in the north of the UK, they have been present for several years but may not be self sustaining although a youngster has been spotted.

Siberian Chipmunk - Tamias sibiricus

Large populations have grown from small introductions in the low countries, France, Germany, Austria, The Netherlands, Finland, Switzerland and Italy. Escapes in the UK are slowly becoming established.

Raccoon - Procyon lotor

Introduced to Germany in the 1930's for hunting it is spreading outwards from Germany. It is also present in W Russia where another introduction took place

Coypu - Myocastor coypus

Introduced to Europe in the late 1800's - early 1900's for fur farming and subsequent escapes have become established in most of Europe inc France, Germany, Poland, Denmark, Italy, Bulgaria, Georgia. Eradicated from the UK and died out in Ireland and Scandanavia.

Muskrat - Ondatra zibethica

Introduced into the Czech republic in the early 1900's, and subsequent escapes from fur farming has led to this species being rapidly eastablished in most of Europe and Russia, from E Scandinavia, W France, north to Denmark, east to Ukraine, south to N Greece. It was sucessfully eradicated from the UK.

Mongolian Gerbil - Meriones unguiculatus

Commonly kept as pets it is no surprise that small colonies of these animals have been present in the UK, the largest and most persistant was a colony on the Isle of Wight which lasted for some years in the 1980's. Currently there are no major colonies.

Golden Hamster - Mesocricetus auratus

Established in Germany and in scattered through Poland, Hungary and the easter plans to Russia. It escaped in the UK, but colonies seem to have recently died out and its continued presence is uncertain.

Barbary Macaque - Macaca sylvanus

Present on the rock of Gibraltar from a population introduced many centuries ago, repopulated with animals from N Africa after WWII when the population had dropped to a few animals, currently they number over 200 individuals.

Raccoon Dog - Nyctereutes procyonoides

The raccoon dog (subspecies ussuriensis) was introduced into the former Soviet Union, mainly the European part, in 1929-55 because it was considered a valuable fur animal. Many of the introductions were successful, and populations increased. It was not long before the raccoon dog began to colonize neighbouring countries, the species is very common in the Baltic states and many parts of eastern Europe, and is also found in Germany and Sweden. Some specimens have even been seen as far away as Norway, France, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Austria, and the species is still spreading westwards and southwards throughout Central and Eastern Europe into E Scandinavia

Indian Grey Mongoose - Herpestes edwardsii

Introduced to S Italy and to some Med Islands in the 1960's.

Fallow Deer - Dama dama

Introduced throughout europe from the middle east probably by the Romans and maybe ny the Normans to th UK.

Axis Deer - Cervus axis

Native to South Asia it was introduced to Italy, Germany, Slovenia, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Russia east of the Black Sea. Commonly escapes from collections.

White-tailed deer - Odocoileus virginianus

Introduced to Finland in 1935 and has spread into E Russia, a smaller population is present in the Czech Republic.

Reindeer - Rangifer tarandus

Introduced into Iceland in 1800's and more recently into Norway, a feral herd is established in Scotland but its range is restricted by fences.

Canadian Beaver - Castor canadensis

The beaver was hunted to extinction in Finland by 1868 but in 1935 beavers from Norway and Canada were brought in to re establish a population but at that time it was not know they two different species. The Canadian is the most sucessful and outnumbers the European 10:1. They have spread to the Swedish border and into Eastern Russia. Introductions to Poland have died out.

Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata

It is uncertain if this is introduced to Italy or not, on Sicily it may be native as many N African animals are present. It may be introduced to the mainland where it present as far north as Tuscany, following protection its range is slowly expanding. It has been introduced into the Balkans and is spreading.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit - Sylvilagus floridanus

Introduced for sport in the mid 1950'to France, with subsequent introductions to Spain (1980), Italy (1966) and Switzerland (1982) it is quite common.

North African hedgehog - Atelerix algirus

Native to North Africa and thought to be introduced to France, Spain although the Balaeric, Canary Island and Maltese introductions definitely are by man.

Mountain hare - Lepus timidus

Introduced to the Hebrides, Shetland, the Faroe Islands and Switzerland.

Barbary Ground Squirrel - Atlantoxerus getulus

In 1965, the Barbary Ground Squirrel a rodent native to Morocco and small areas of Algeria, was introduced onto Fuerteventura Is. Two squirrels were brought in as pets, but they were soon released and the species successfully colonized the island.

Père David's Rock Squirrel - Sciurotamias davidianus

A small population exists in Belgium but is being exterminated.

Pallas's squirrel - Callosciurus erythraeus erythrogaster

Introduced in the 1970's to the Nice area, Southern France the population is small and spreading slowly. Another small population is found the the south of the Netherlands.

Finlayson's squirrel - Callosciurus finlaysoni

Introduced in the 1970's to NW Italy now occupys a reasonable area.

Bank Vole - Clethrionomys glareolus

Introduced into Southern Ireland in the 1950's it is now quite widespread.

Stoat - Mustela erminea

Introduced to the Sheltand Islands and several islands in Holland and Denmark.

Musk Ox - Ovibos moschatus

Introduced into Norway, Sweden in the 1920's small populations still exist in both countries.

Barbary Sheep - Ammotragus lervia

Native of North Africa it has been introduced into Spain where it is thriving and expanding its range.

Tree Shrew - Tupaia belangeri

A population resident in Heidelburg Zoo have escaped through the great ape enclosure and are present in the zoo grounds and the next door university and area to the zoo by the river.

Mouflon - Ovis musimon

Introduced into Germany and low countries where it is thriving and expanding its range.

Striped Skunk - Mephitis mephitis

A small colony in the Forest of Dean, in the UK has disappeared, last sighting in 2013.

Javan Mongoose - Herpestes javanicus

Introduced to Croatia in 1910 to combat long nosed vipers.

Olive Baboon - Papio anubis

In 1972 a safari park in Cadiz area or Spain went bust and apparantly left the animals to their own devices. The park owners then went after the escaped baboons, and hunted them down. Some managed to escape being shot, and in 1991 there were 12 of them living free in the cork oak forest – and by 1998 the group had increased to 20. The local government decided the baboons should be captured and put in a zoo. The three females who eluded them died recently.

Greater White Toothed Shrew - Crocidura russula

Introduced to Co Tipperary, Ireland but it is not know when, only discovered in 2008 from owl pellet analysis.

Weasel - Mustela nivalis

Introduced to Malta.

Arabian Camel - Camelus dromedarius

Introduced to all of the Canary Islands.

Striped Skunk
(Mephitis mephitis)
Forest of Dean, 2009

Striped Skunk
(Mephitis mephitis)
Forest of Dean, 2009

(Muntiacus reevesi)
Bucks, 2008

(Muntiacus reevesi)
Bucks, 2008

Red Necked Wallaby
(Macropus rufogrieseus) Woburn, 2006

Feral cat
(Felis Catus)
Cambs, 2008

(Ondatra zibethica) Finland 2011

(Rangifer tarandus) UK 2005

(Nasua nasua) Captive 2008

(Nasua nasua) Captive 2008

Finlayson's squirrel
(Callosciurus finlaysoni) Italy, 2008

Finlayson's squirrel
(Callosciurus finlaysoni) Italy, 2008

Finlayson's squirrel
(Callosciurus finlaysoni) Italy, 2008

Grey squirrel
(Sciurus carolinensis) Italy, 2008

Pallas's squirrel
(Callosciurus erythraeus erythrogaster) France, 2008

Feral Cat
(Felis Catus) Cyprus, 2008

(Procyon lotor) Germany, 2012

(Procyon lotor) Germany, 2012

Mountain Hare
(Lepus timidus) Peak District, 2009

(Myocastor coypus) Germany, 2010

Tree Shrew
(Tupaia belangeri) Germany, 2010

(Ondatra zibethica ) Finland, 2011

Greater White Toothed Shrew
(Crocidura russula) Ireland, 2011

Bank Vole
(Clethrionomys glareolus) Ireland, 2011
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